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Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia

Embraer began the development of their first transport category airliner in 1974. The so-called Family 12X comprised three models with modular concept designs: EMB 120 Araguaia, EMB 123 Tapajós and EMB 121 Xingu. EMB 121 was the sole 12X model effectively produced. Araguaia's name was changed to Brasilia in 1979 at the official launching of the project, when at a CAAA (Commuter Airline Association of America) convention at USA several suggestions from prospective operators were collected and incorporated to EMB 120 design. Thus, a completely new aircraft – no longer related to the 12X family – was launched. No common parts from EMB 121 Xingu were used, and the capacity was revised from 24 to 30 seats. Originally designed to utilise the new 1500 shp Pratt & Whitney Canada PW115 turboprop, it was later upgraded to the 1892 eshp PW118. The Brasilia attracted immediate interest from many regional airlines, particularly in the USA. The size, speed and ceiling allowed faster and more direct services around the US and Europe, compared to similar aircraft. The first aircraft entered service with Atlantic Southeast Airlines in October 1985. The basic EMB 120RT was upgraded to the extended range (1,575 km) EMB 120 ER, with older aircraft retrofitted via a Service Bulletin.

General characteristics
Crew: Two pilots and one flight attendant
Capacity: 30 passengers
Length: 20.00 m (65 ft 7½ in)
Wingspan: 19.78 m (64 ft 10¾ in)
Height: 6.35 m (20 ft 10 in)
Wing area: 39.4 m² (424 ft²)
Airfoil: NACA 23018 (modified) at root, NACA 23012 at tip
Aspect ratio: 9.9:1
Empty weight: 7,070 kg (15,586 lb)
Max. takeoff weight: 11,500 kg (26,433 lb (ER version))
Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW118/118A/118B 
turboprops, 1,340 kW (1,800 shp) each
Maximum Landing Weight: 11,250 kg (25,794 lb ER Version)

Maximum speed: 608 km/h (328 knots, 378 mph) at 20,000 ft (6,100 m)
Cruise speed: 552 km/h (298 knots, 343 mph)
Stall speed: 162 km/h (87 knots, 100 mph) (CAS),(flaps down)
Range: 1,750 km (945 nmi, 1,088 mi) (30 passengers, reserves for 100 nmi divert and 45 min hold)
Service ceiling: 9,085 m (29,800 ft)
Take-off Run: 1,420 m (4,660 ft) minimum
Collins 5-screen Electronic Flight Instrument System
Dual autopilots